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International Association of Refugee Law Judges


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Refugee Roulette: Disparities in Asylum Adjudication and Proposals for Reform
by Jaya Ramji-Nogales (Author), Andrew Ian Schoenholtz (Author), 
Philip G. Schrag (Author)


http://www.amazon.co.uk/Refugee-Roulette-Disparities-Adjudication-Proposals/dp/081474074X/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1254909618&sr=1-1


Product Description
Through the Refugee Act of 1980, the United States offers the prospect  of safety to people who flee to America to escape rape, torture, and  even death in their native countries. In order to be granted asylum,  however, an applicant must prove to an asylum officer or immigration  judge that she has a well-founded fear of persecution in her homeland. 
The chance of winning asylum should have little if anything to do with  the personality of the official to whom a case is randomly assigned,  but in a ground-breaking and shocking study, Jaya Ramji-Nogales,  Andrew I. Schoenholtz, and Philip G. Schrag learned that life-or-death  asylum decisions are too frequently influenced by random factors  relating to the decision makers. In many cases, the most important  moment in an asylum case is the instant in which a clerk randomly 
assigns the application to an adjudicator. The system, in its current  state, is like a game of chance. "Refugee Roulette" is the first  analysis of decisions at all four levels of the asylum adjudication  process: the Department of Homeland Security, the immigration courts,  the Board of Immigration Appeals, and the United States Courts of  Appeals. The data reveal tremendous disparities in asylum approval  rates, even when different adjudicators in the same office each  considered large numbers of applications from nationals of the same  country. After providing a thorough empirical analysis, the authors  make recommendations for future reform. Original essays by eight  scholars and policy makers then discuss the authors' research and  recommendations. The contributors include: Bruce Einhorn, Steven  Legomsky, Audrey Macklin, M. Margaret McKeown, Allegra McLeod, Carrie  Menkel-Meadow, Margaret Taylor, and Robert Thomas.


Robert Thomas,
School of Law,
University of Manchester,
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Manchester M13 9PL
United Kingdom

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